The Foreigner’s Identification Number “NIE” is a personal identification number for foreigners, both Europeans and Non-Europeans, in Spain.
The foreigners that wish to live in Spain for more than 3 consecutive months, the NIE number is assigned automatically as part of the residency procedures.
The foreigners who do not want to live in Spain for a longer period of 3 successive months, but simply want to invest or contract certain services, will need an NIE in order to identify themselves before the authorities, for instance the Tax Agency or phone companies. In these cases, they ask the Certificate of NIE for Non-Residence in the police station. It is a document that contains the personal data and the assigned NIE, but they are not residents in Spain and it does not give the right to reside in the country.
For individuals it can be obtained in 3 different ways:
- Through the Spanish Consulate in your country of origin.
- In person in Spain at the specific Police Stations (note: in some cities, for example Barcelona, Europeans have to make an appointment to present the NIE application)
- Through a Power of Attorney that you can grant to your representative such as your immigration lawyer.
For foreign companies, the NIE has to be obtained through application with the tax authorities in Spain.
You can watch all the explanation from Raisa Venermo (partner of AvaLaw Legal Services) in the video below:
If you have questions regarding the NIE or any immigration procedure, our Immigration Department will be happy to help you. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.